Cannabidiol is one of the most important phyto-cannabinoids. It is a non-psychoactive natural herbal substance. CBD is under extensive scientific research, for a wide range of applications.
CBD is recognised as a novel food, while it also used as the active ingredient of pharmaceutical products.
Phytocannabinois exit in the cannabis plant in their acidic form. Cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol are activated upon the conversion of acids (CBDA, THCA) to their neutral forms (CBD, THC), typically by heating.
Phyotocannabinoids are compounds of the cannabis plant and consist a group molecules that interact with the receptors of the endocannabinoid syetem. To date, at least 60 phytocannabinoids have been isolated. To date, at least 60 phytocannabinoids have been isolated. The major phytocannabinoids are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabinol (CBN).
Another type of cannabinoid is endocannabinoids, which are made in the body and include anandamide and 2-AG.
Finally, there are cannabinoids
that are synthesized in laboratories and are called synthetic cannabinoids.
Cannabis is genus of flowering plants that includes three distinct species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis contains more than 400 phytochemicals and at least 60 known cannabinoids. THC and CBD are two of the most known cannabinoids.
An extract obtained from extraction and puritication processed of the cannabis plants. The extracts are active and concentrated, and contain high levels of cannabinoids and other compounds.
CB1 receptors are mainly expressed in the central nervous system, whereas the CB2 receptors are expressed in the immune and in the peripheral nervous system.
Supercritical CO2 extraction is a process used for the maximum recovery of the cannabinoids and the terpenes of the cannabis plant, while still maintaining their delicate structure.